domingo, mayo 06, 2007

Los planes futuros en TI en China

Hace pocos días, en un blog que sigo habitualmente, se conversaron dos palabras sobre el estado actual y futuro de China en tecnología informática: el órgano oficial chino hablaba de un millón de personas trabajando en la industria del software en el país, y allí se conversó sobre el valor real de esa cifra, relacionándola con el estado de la industria en India. Pues bien, Dr Dobb dedica una breve nota al estado de situación de la alta tecnología en China, que da una mejor perspectiva al asunto:

The high-tech trade association AeA, formerly known as the "American Electronics Association," has released the 14th edition of its competitiveness series. The report outlines the "15 Year Science and Technology Plan" announced by Chinese leaders in January 2006 and analyzes China’s capacity to implement the plan.

China’s 15-Year Plan is designed to boost science, technology, and innovation with the long-term goal of becoming a preeminent global economic and technological power. It calls for China to raise R&D spending from the current 1.4 percent of its economic output to 2 percent by 2010 and 2.5 percent by 2020. With China’s GDP growing by over 7 percent per year, these commitments would put Chinese R&D investments above $100 billion annually, placing it in the same league as the U.S. and Japan.

Among the highlights, the report points out that:

  • In early 2006, China announced a 15-year plan to boost science, technology, and innovation with the long-term goal of becoming a preeminent global economic and technological power.
  • Though every detail of the plan has not been made public, it calls for China to raise R&D investment from the current 1.4 percent of its economic output to 2.0 percent by 2010 and 2.5 percent by 2020.
  • China is pouring investment into its universities to create world-class education and research centers. Since 1998, state financing for higher education has more than doubled, reaching $10.4 billion in 2003.
  • China had 926,000 researchers in 2004, second only to the United States -- 77 percent more than it had in 1995.
  • China’s 15-year plan intends to move the country beyond its current reliance on foreign technology to spawn "indigenous innovation." China faces challenges in enacting its 15-year plan: protecting intellectual property; reforming capital markets; encouraging risk taking; and embracing the free flow of ideas required for innovation.

China's growing technology industry is largely dominated by multinational companies and much of this is low value-added, labor intensive manufacturing. The 15-Year Plan intends to change that by investing heavily in such cutting-edge areas as nanotechnology and biotechnology to spawn "indigenous innovation."

El reporte aludido, por si es necesario reiterarlo, se puede bajar aquí.

1 comentario:

Jorge dijo...

Hola Jorge, noticias como estas me hacen pensar en el futuro de latinoamerica y nuestra capacidad de respuesta tecno-innovadora, lo cual es preocupante pues la brecha digital crece exponencialmente.

Por ejemplo en Venezuela no hay suficientes profesionales TI lo que frena el avance de proyectos(y aun no se mejoras a mediano plazo), lo mismo para otros paises.